Deviated Nasal Septum
A deviated nasal symptom causes a number of day-to-day issues with comfort and breathing. The condition occurs when the bone and cartilage dividing the nasal cavity (the septum) is crooked. Most people have some misalignment, but when the imbalance is severe it will interfere with breathing.
Symptoms of a deviated septum include:
- Nasal congestion, especially worse on one side
- Difficult breathing
- Loud breathing
- Facial pain
- Postnasal drip
Medication can be used to clear the nasal passages and make breathing easier if the symptoms are not that severe. In extreme cases of deviated septum, a surgery called septoplasty is necessary to repair the imbalance and improve breathing on a permanent basis.
The surgery includes the doctor making a small incision in the septum and removing the excess bone or cartilage. This balances the nasal passages and allows air to flow through the nose evenly. Septoplasty is sometimes combined with rhinoplasty to create a septorhinoplasty to improve the function and appearance of the nose.